Erich Baruch Benno Freund

28 Years

Erich Baruch, Benno Freund was born on 23 September 1916 in Breslau. He grew up in a family with two children. He was the oldest; his sister Ruth was six years younger. His father was married for the second time to a cousin, Martha Freund. His father died in the summer of 1935 in Breslau. His mother also married for the second time.

Benno’s mother and sister Ruth were transported to Auschwitz on 4 March 1943 and were presumably murdered immediately upon arrival.     

Benno contracted scarlet fever in 1928 and survived at age 12. He went to secondary school and completed a three-year higher secondary education. He then went on to train as a radio technician and practised this profession. In the spring of 1939, he flees to the Netherlands and reports to the Werkdorp. There he worked both as a farmer and an electrician. After the Werkdorp was evacuated on 20 March 1941, he found shelter on Waalstraat in Amsterdam. In March 1943 he moved to Geulstraat. He had hardly lived there when his bicycle, which he had put in front of his house, was stolen.

He entered the service of the Jewish Council and in the summer of 1942 got a job at HAV, or Help to Departures, on Bachstraat in Amsterdam. The function gave him a ‘sperr’ and this function gave him a delay but not a reprieve. It was August 1944 when he was arrested and deported to camp Westerbork.      

A month later he goes on the last transport to Auschwitz. From there he was deported to Buchenwald camp and then back east to Gross Rosen camp. He arrived there on 9 February 1945 and was already in a very bad shape. He still weighs 45 kg and has frozen fingers on both hands. There is no further news about Erich Baruch. Five days later camp Gross Rosen is liberated by the Russians.



Son of

  • Martha-Freund-Freund * 05-12-1886 in Breslau † 04-03-1943 in Auschwitz and
  • David Freund * 29-03-1867 in Gleiwitz † 12-07-1935 in Breslau

Last address

Breslau, Victoriastrasse 65

Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 05-04-1939
    Werkdorp Wieringen, Nieuwesluizerweg 42, Slootdorp (Wieringen)
  • 20-03-1941
    After the eviction of the Werkdorp deported to Amsterdam
  • 27-03-1941
    Amsterdam, Waalstraat 117-II
  • 23-03-1943
    Amsterdam, Geulstraat 5-II
  • 08-08-1944
    Deportation to Camp Westerbork Barrack 67
  • 03-09-1944
    Deportation to Auschwitz
  • 09-02-1945
    Deportation Gross-Rosen