Ernst Eduard Levenbach

44 Years

Horst Levenbach was born on November 18, 1899 in Amsterdam. His mother (1869) went into hiding in Maarsen and survived the war in the Netherlands. His father died in 1928. His oldest sister Ella Catharina (1894) emigrated to the U.S.A. in December 1940. His oldest brother Martin Emile (1895) was killed in Bergen Belsen. His younger brother Hendrik Otto (1906) survived the war in the Netherlands.

Ernst Levenbach follows the trade school education and becomes a teacher of accountancy. On 15 May 1918, he is approved for military service. He is considered suitable for the infantry and then the artillery. He himself has no preference. He is also considered suitable for officer training. On 6 January 1919 he was discharged from service `because of physical defects’. He lived successively in Enschede, Maartensdijk and Zutphen and was an (assistant) accountant. When the Second World War had just broken out in the Netherlands, he reported to the Werkdorp. He worked there as a gardener. After the Werkdorp was evacuated on 20 March 1941, he found shelter in Hoorn and started working as a gardener, probably for private individuals. Another Werkdorp employee, Heinz Spittel, lived at the same address for a while; he may have been able to use Ernst’s house. At the end of 1942, Ernst went to live with his mother in Amsterdam.

Ernst was arrested in Rotterdam on 4 August 1943 and detained there until 10 September.He was then transferred to Camp Vught. On 15 November he was transported to Camp Westerbork. The very next day he is transported to Auschwitz. He was murdered within two months of his arrival, on 2 January 1944.



Son of

  • Henriëtte Louise Levenbach Asscher 7-11-1869 in Amsterdam † 14-05-1946 in Amsterdam and
  • Moritz Levenbach 21-1-1860 in Sittard † 9-04-1928 in Amsterdam

Last address

Amsterdam, Minervalaan 45-I 

Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 01-01-1923
  • 9-11-1932
  • 01-05-1934
  • 14-09-1935
    Maartensdijk, Prof. Van Bemmelenlaan 1b
  • 27-12-1937
    Zutphen, Stationsweg 21
  • 10-01-1938
    Zutphen, Deventerweg 1
  • 28-03-1940
    Amsterdam, Minervalaan 45-I (moeder)
  • 28-05-1940
    Werkdorp Wieringen, Nieuwesluizerweg 42, Slootdorp (Wieringen)
  • 26-05-1941
    Hoorn, Drieboomlaan 19
  • 25-11-1942
    Amsterdam, Minervalaan 45-I (moeder)
  • 04-08-1943
    Arrested in Rotterdam
  • 10-09-1943
    Deportation to Camp Vught
  • 15-11-1943
    Deportation to Camp Westerbork
  • 16-11-1943
    Deportation to Auschwitz