Gerda Karolina Schmulewitz-Jonas

32 Years

Gerda Jonas was born on 1 August 1910 and grew up in Berlin. In the summer of 1939 she flees Germany with her father and they settle in the Waalstraat in Amsterdam. Her brother fled to England and survived the war. Her mother died in 1934.

By then Gerda was already married; she divorced Fritz Otto Wienrich in April 1935. Gerda and her father lived on the Merwedeplein for a while and then moved to another street. The Rivierenbuurt in Amsterdam is where many Work Village people found shelter after the Werkdorp was evacuated in March 1941.  At the end of October 1941 Gerda went to live with Ernst Schmulewitz in the Van Woustraat. They got married on 23 December 1941 and on 7 January 1942. Six months later they both went on the 2nd transport to Auschwitz. Within a few months they are murdered, Ernst on 25 October 1942. Gerda on 30 September 1942. 

Gerda’s father is arrested on 24 September 1942 and deported to Westerbork. He stayed there until January 1944, then was transported to Bergen-Belsen, sent on to Theresienstadt and died there at the end of April 1944.



Daugther of

  • Anna Elise Jonas-Kirstein, * 19-03-1873 in Berlin † 23-10-1934 in Berlin and
  • Max Jonas * 18-05-1866 in Stargard † 25-04-1944 in Theresienstadt

Last address

Berlijn (Schöneberg), Martin Lutherstraat 4

Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 25-06-1939
    Amsterdam, Waalstraat 70-I
  • 01-09-1939
    Amsterdam, Merwedeplein 47-I
  • 04-07-1940
    Amsterdam, Biesboschstraat 20-II
  • 18-06-1941
    Amsterdam, Van Woustraat 170-II
  • 15-07-1942
    Deportation to Camp Westerbork
  • 16-07-1942
    On the second deportation to Auschwitz