Herbert Marchand

19 Years

Herbert Marchand was born on 23 July 1922 in Berlin. Besides his elder brother Arnold he has a younger brother Egon (1929) and a sister Gerda (1934). Early 1938 Herbert arrived in the Werkdorp together with his brother Arnold. His parents already saw little future for their children in Germany and hoped for a better one in the Netherlands. Like his brother Arnold, Herbert started working as a blacksmith in the Werkdorp.

The other members of the family moved to Rotterdam on 16 February 1939. On 1 November 1939 his mother, brother Egon and sister Gerda went to Amsterdam. They go to live on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal and mother Marchand starts a business letting rooms. Father Otto had an accident and was admitted to the Apeldoornsche Bosch, a Jewish psychiatric institution.

After the Werkdorp was evacuated on 20 March 1941, both brothers moved in with their mother. On 11 June they were both arrested during the second razzia in Amsterdam and deported to Mauthausen via Schoorl camp. Herbert was killed on 3 October 1941, his brother Arnold more than two weeks before that on 18 September.

Mother Therese, Egon and Gerda were arrested on 26 May 1943 and taken to Westerbork. After a few days, on 1 June 1943, they were transported to Sobibor and all three were killed immediately upon arrival. A few months earlier father Otto, together with the other residents and part of the staff of Apeldoorsche Bosch, was murdered in Auschwitz on 25 January 1943.

Biography

Family

Son of

  • Therese Marchand-Blum * 19-08-1993 in Graudenz † 06-06-1943 in Sobibor and
  • Otto Marchand * 21-01-1888 in Berlin † 26-01-1943 in Auschwitz

Last address voor vlucht

Berlin, Löwestrasse 16 (fam. Blum)

Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 31-01-1938
    Werkdorp Wieringen, Nieuwesluizerweg 42, Slootdorp (Wieringen)
  • 20-03-1941
    After the eviction of the Werkdorp deported to Amsterdam
  • 20-03-1941
    Amsterdam, O.Z. Voorburgwal 169
  • 11-06-1941
    Arrested at the second razzia in Amsterdam and deported to Durchgangslager Schoorl
  • 22-06-1941
    Deportation to Mauthausen