Arnold Marchand

20 Years

Arnold Marchand was born on 13 April 1921 in Berlin. He was the oldest of four children and besides brother Herbert (1922) had a younger brother Egon (1929) and a sister Gerda (1934). Early 1938 Arnold arrived in the Werkdorp together with his brother Herbert. By then his parents saw little future for their children in Germany, they hoped for a better one in the Netherlands. In the Werkdorp Arnold, like his brother Herbert, started work as a blacksmith.

The other members of the family settled in Rotterdam on 16 February 1939. On 1 November 1939 his mother, brother Egon and sister Gerda went to Amsterdam. They go to live on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal and mother Marchand starts a business letting rooms. Father Otto had an accident and was admitted to the Apeldoornsche Bosch, a Jewish psychiatric institution.

After the Werkdorp was evacuated on 20 March 1941, both brothers moved in with their mother. On 11 June they were both arrested during the second razzia in Amsterdam and deported to Mauthausen via Schoorl camp. Arnold was killed on 18 September 1941, his brother Herbert more than two weeks later on 3 October.

Mother Therese, Egon and Gerda were arrested on 26 May 1943 and taken to Westerbork. After a few days, on 1 June 1943, they were transported to Sobibor and murdered immediately upon arrival. A few months earlier father Otto, together with the other residents and part of the staff of Apeldoornsche Bosch, was murdered in Auschwitz on 25 January 1943. 



Son of

  • Therese Marchand-Blum * 19-08-1893 in Graudenz † 06-06-1943 in Sobibor and
  • Otto Marchand 21-01-1888 in Berlin † 26-01-1943 in Auschwitz

Last address

Berlin, Löwestrasse 16 (fam. Blum)

Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 31-01-1938
    Werkdorp Wieringen, Nieuwesluizerweg 42, Slootdorp (Wieringen)
  • 20-03-1941
    After the eviction of the Werkdorp deported to Amsterdam
  • 21-03-1941
    Amsterdam, O.Z. Voorburgwal 169
  • 11-06-1941
    Arrested at the second razzia in Amsterdam and deported to Durchgangslager Schoorl
  • 22-06-1941
    Deportation to Mauthausen