Lotte Neumond

20 Years

Lotte Neumond was born on 10 June 1922 in Mannheim. Her father was imprisoned in camp Dachau for almost a month immediately after Kristallnacht. Lotte fled to the Netherlands in August 1939. There Lotte met Rudolf Raphaelson who had already arrived in 1937 and they fell in love. After the eviction of the Werkdorp on 20 March 1941 Lotte joined other Werkdorpers in the Youth Home for the Jewish Council. Rudolf then lived with a number of workmates including Fritz Schmelz and Paul Fischer on Geulstraat in Amsterdam. In the summer of 1942 they made plans for a marriage, possibly (also) based on the idea that as a married couple they would not have to go on transport. Lotte and Rudolf Raphaelson were engaged to be married when they had to report for the transport on 31 July 1942. Rudolf evaded this call and fled in a group of thirty Jews across the border to Belgium, where they were arrested. Via Auschwitz he ended up in Blechhammer, where he was hanged on 31 August 1944.

Lotte went on the transport of 31 July 1942 and was killed immediately upon arrival on 3 September. Her mother was deported to Gurs, part of camp Drancy in France, on 22 October 1940. Almost two years later she was transported to Auschwitz on 28 August 1942 and murdered a few days before Lotte was killed there. Her father went on the same transport as Lotte’s mother on 22 October 1940. Her father was killed on 25 March 1942 in Aix-en-Provence.



Daugther of

  • Anna Neumond-Schwarz *11-05-1889 in Kirchheimbolanden † 28-08-1942 in Auschwitz and
  • Ludwig Neumond * 11-05-1881 in Kaiserslautern † 25-03-1942 in Aix-en-Provence

Last address

Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Bismarckstrasse 38

Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 29-08-1939
    Werkdorp Wieringen, Nieuwesluizerweg 42, Slootdorp (Wieringen)
  • 20-03-1941
    After the eviction of the Werkdorp deported to Amsterdam
  • 27-03-1941
    Amsterdam, Michelangelostraat 61-I
  • 07-06-1941
    Amsterdam, Tintorettostraat 39-hs
  • 10-11-1941
    Amsterdam, Plantage Franschelaan 13
  • 31-08-1942
    On the 15th deportation to Auschwitz