Gideon Augapfel

20 Years

Gideon was born on 4 March 1921 in Vienna. He fled Austria as a 17-year-old after it was annexed by Germany. He arrived in the Werkdorp on 6 August 1938.

He started working as a farmer. After the Werkdorp was evacuated, he found shelter with the Fürth foster family on Watteaustraat in Amsterdam. On 14 May 1941, there was a bomb attack on a villa on the Bernard Zweerskade, inhabited by German officers. There were no casualties. A few weeks later, the telephone exchange of the Luftwaffe at Schiphol was blown up, seriously injuring a member of the Wehrmacht. The Germans attributed these attacks to Jews. All in all, reason enough for the Germans to hold a second razzia in Amsterdam and to round up more than 300 young Jewish men. Among them were 61 workforces. The group was taken to the Durchgangslager Schoorl. Here they were selected on the basis of age (18-35), health and whether they had four Jewish grandparents. After two weeks, Gideon and 56 other work thieves are transported to Mauthausen as part of a group of 300 Jews. There they were put to death by forced labour in quarries and/or medical experiments. Gideon was murdered on 22 September 1941.

Rabbi Julius Augapfel is possibly his father and Rosa Zuckermann is his mother.

Julius Augapfel fled from Germany to the Netherlands in November 1939. In July 1940 he ended up in the Westerbork Refugee Camp, where he taught his pupils as a rabbi for more than four years. Together with his wife Rosa he was transported to Theresienstadt on 4 September 1944. Julius was forwarded to Auschwitz on 29 September 1944 and was murdered there on 1 October 1944. Rosa Zuckermann survives and emigrates to the USA in 1949 and dies there in 1967.  



Possibly the son of 
Rosa Augapfel-Zuckermann * 06-01-1895 in Kolomya † 1967 V.S. and
Julius Augapfel * 19-04-1892 in Jaroslaw † 01-10-1944 in Auschwitz

Last address


Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 06-08-1938
    Werkdorp Wieringen, Nieuwesluizerweg 42, Slootdorp (Wieringen)
  • 20-03-1941
    After the eviction of the Werkdorp deported to Amsterdam
  • 27-03-1941
    Amsterdam, Watteaustraat 8 (fam. Fürth)
  • 11-06-1941
    Arrested at the second raid in Amsterdam and deported to Durchgangslager Schoorl
  • 22-06-1941
    Deported to Mauthausen