Max Löwinger

24 Years

Max was born on 6 May 1919 in Vienna. He is the middle one in a family of 5 children. His parents lived at Jägerstrasse 30 in Vienna. On 19 February 1941 they were deported to Kielce, where they were both killed.

Immediately after the war Kielce also proved not to be a safe place for Jews. On 4 July 1946, fourteen months after the end of the Second World War, a pogrom took place in Kielce in which 42 Jews were murdered. Most of them were Jews who had fled and thought themselves safe in Kielce. This pogrom became the catalyst for many Jews who had escaped the Holocaust to flee Poland.

In the summer of 1938, Max fled Austria, which had been annexed by Nazi Germany in March 1938. His eldest sister Therese Resi (1915) flees to England and survives the war there. His sister Fanny (1916) died in 1920. Brother Kurt (1922) fled to Italy and survived the war. His youngest sister Gertrude Taudi (1930) also survived and emigrated to Israel.

Max arrived at the Werkdorp on 23 July 1938. He was trained as a farmer. After the Werkdorp was evacuated on 20 March 1941, he was among the 60 people who stayed on to deal with current affairs. After the Werkdorp was definitively closed on 1 August 1941, he found a place to live and work in Hoorn.

After it had become clear that the district North Holland had to be made ‘Judenrein’ by the Germans, Max left for Deventer where he and other pioneers found a first shelter. Two weeks later, he left with a number of pioneers for Almelo. From there, he looked for work in the area.

Just like Hans Joachim Meyer, Kurt Winter and Kurt Salo Wiener, Max Löwinger also received a summons in Almelo to report for the ‘Arbeiteinsatz’. On 10 September 1942, the mayor of Almelo, in the General Police Gazette, no. 36 notice 1799, requested the search, arrest and arraignment of Max Löwinger, a farmer. He had left his place of residence without the required permit. This is how Jews are referred to who had gone into hiding. Via labour camp the Bruine Enk in Nunspeet he was transported to Westerbork. A year later, in September 1943, Max was transported to Auschwitz and put to work in Monowitz, where he was killed in early December 1943.



Son of

  • Katharina Löwinger-Schwarz, * 28-05-1886 in Wenen † 27-07-1942 in Kielce and
  • Ernest Löwinger * 08-12-1877 in Wenen † 12-12-1941 in Kielce

Last address

Wien 2, Pillerdorfgasse 1

Last known residences in The Netherlands

  • 23-07-1938
    Werkdorp Wieringen, Nieuwesluizerweg 42, Slootdorp (Wieringen)
  • 01-08-1941
    Hoorn, Berkhouterweg 16
  • 09-04-1942
    Deventer, Papenstraat 45
  • 24-05-1942
    Almelo, Werfstraat 11
  • September 1942
    Nunspeet, Werkkamp de Bruine Enk
  •  03-10-1942
    Deportation to Camp Westerbork (Barrack 60 and 64)
  • 14-09-1943
    Deportation to Auschwitz